All across America, in sex education classes and AIDS seminars, young people are being told that the spermicide Nonoxynol-9 will give them an added measure of protection against acquiring HIV disease. This is a dangerous deception. The tragedy is that Nonoxynol-9 has been scientifically shown to increase the spread of HIV disease. The classic study on the use of Nonoxynol-9 in humans was carried out in a group of 138 prostitutes in Nairobi, Kenya. (The results of that study can be found in the Journal of the American Medical Association (July 22-29, 1992, Volume 268, No.4, p.477) That study demonstrated that the use of Nonoxynol-9 produced a significant increase in the incidence of vaginal ulcers. The authors postulate that the ulcers resulted from the caustic properties of the spermicide, and that the ulcers acted as portals of entry for the HIV virus.
Comparing the two groups of prostitutes studied, one group using condoms and a placebo, the other group using condoms and Nonoxynol-9, in the group using condoms and a placebo, 36% of the young women became HIV infected, while in the group using condoms and Nonoxynol-9, 45% became infected. Thus, the use of the very same spermicide being recommended to the youth of America today has been found to significantly increase the spread of HIV disease among prostitutes in Nairobi.
Surgeon General Novello, in her Surgeon General's Report released in 1993, stated: "Studies show that some spermicides kill HIV (virus-ed) in the test tube. However the ability of a spermicide to kill HIV in the vagina during sex is uncertain... when used with a condom, the spermicide (gel, foam, film, or suppository) should be put directly inside the vagina...spermicides may cause vaginal sores or irritation in some women and irritation of the penis in some men. These sores or irritations, like any sore or irritation of the vagina or penis, may make it easier for HIV to get into the bloodstream."
In essence, Surgeon General Novello is saying that (1) there is no scientific evidence that spermicides are effective in preventing the spread of HIV disease, (2) Nonoxynol-9 (and other spermicides) can produce sores or irritation of the vagina and penis, and these sores can lead directly to HIV infection, (3) go ahead and use Nonoxynol-9 and other spermicides, despite the evidence that you can acquire a lethal disease from their use.
The tragedy of today is that public health authorities have known of the potential danger of Nonoxynol-9 use since the results of the Nairobi spermicide study were first presented at the International AIDS Conference in Montreal, June 1989 (which I attended). Yet, to this very day, sex educators across America continue to tell our children that, "The use of spermicides such as Nonoxynol-9, along with condoms, increases your degree of safety when engaging in casual sex." (83) (84)
As I wrote at the beginning of this treatise, over 450,000 Americans have now been reported to the CDC with end-stage HIV disease (AIDS). Over a quarter of a million of them have already died, and of the remaining 200,000, almost every one of them will be dead within three years. These figures do not include the tens of thousands of Americans with HIV infection who have been reported to the CDC, but have not yet progressed to end-stage disease; their names are not included among the 450,000 AIDS cases. It is only a matter of time, however, until their disease progresses to the terminal stage, and in almost all cases, certain death.
In addition, there are tens of thousands of other Americans who are known to be HIV infected, but their cases cannot be reported to the CDC because of state confidentiality laws. Also, there are hundreds of thousands, perhaps a million or more, Americans infected with the HIV virus, but they do not yet know of their infectious status. Unfortunately, many of them are spreading HIV disease unknowingly.
It is vitally important that you come to realise that public health authorities in America are treating HIV disease as a civil rights issue, not as a communicable, lethal disease. Fortunately, casual transmission of HIV disease is infrequent, although it does occur. If you study and understand the myths outlined in this treatise, you will be able to protect yourself and your family. Remember, however, that the greatest danger to you and your family is not from HIV disease, but rather from the spread of other diseases constantly being incubated in the bodies of the tragic victims of this epidemic. We must always treat those who are infected with compassion and concern, but we must also do everything we can to protect our families. We must also do everything within our power to try to stop further spread of this plague. (85)
What can you do? First, you must become informed as to the truth about the spread of HIV disease in our land and throughout the world. Then you must inform others. Finally, you must make sure that your legislative representatives, both at the state and national level, understand the truth about HIV disease, and what needs to be done medically to bring HIV disease under control. If your legislative representatives are unresponsive to your message, it is your obligation to see that they are replaced with moral, responsible citizens who will do what is medically correct to begin to control this epidemic. (72)
The following books and pamphlets are recommended:
(1) AIDS: The Unnecessary Epidemic.
(2) VHS video, AIDS: The Unnecessary Epidemic.
(3) Do Insects Transmit AIDS?...This is a government report obtained from the CDC under the Freedom of Information Act. The report is currently unavailable from the CDC and has been reprinted by HIV-Watch.
(4) The HIV-Watch newsletter. A free copy is available on request. Back issues are also available for a nominal fee.
(5) Audio tapes recorded by Radio Liberty with Dr. Lorraine Day, Gene Antonio, Dr. Donald Francis of the CDC, Gus Sermos-epidemiologist, Richard Smith-epidemiologist, Dr. George Walter on AIDS in Africa, Dr. William O'Connor, Shepherd Smith of ASAP.
For further information, contact HIV-Watch, P.O. Box 1835, Soquel, CA, 95073, or call 1-800-5-HIV WAR.
1: a) "AIDS: The Unnecessary Epidemic": Covenant House:
S. Monteith, M.D.: p. 13. See also the video, AIDS:
The Unnecessary Epidemic, containing a speech by a
a Gay activist who calls himself Luke Sissyfag, stating, "The Gay community has
the ability to stop AIDS, and we've chosen not to."
b) "And The Band Played On": St. Martin's Press: Randy Shilts, prologue, page xxii, stating, "The bitter truth was that AIDS did not just happen to America - it was allowed to happen....."
2: "Toward a Comprehensive HIV Prevention Program for the CDC and the Nation" Francis, Don M.D.: Journal of the American Medical Association, September 16,1992, Vol 268, No 11, p. 1444
3: ibid, p.1444
4: a) "AIDS Epidemic Spreads": Houston Chronicle, December 2,1994, p. 7A.
b) CDC AIDS Daily Summary, December 3,1994. Also, MMWR, Vol 44/No 4, February 3,1995, p.65.
5: HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, CDC, June 1994: p.10
6: AIDS ALERT, November 1994, pp. 154-156: quoting Edlin, B. et al: "Seroprevalence of HIV-1 Among College Students, United States, 1988-1990"; presented at the 34th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy: Orlando, FL: 1994, abstract #308
7: The Sunday Mail, June 26,1994, p.11: author, Phkirayl Deketeke, discussing financial losses of insurance companies in Zimbabwe due to AIDS.
8: "AIDS to Kill 10,000 Indians a Day by 2000 - Expert": Reuters: December 11,1994: also quoted in the CDC AIDS Daily Summary.
9: "The Future of AIDS", a speech delivered by Professor Haseltine to the French Academy of Sciences, November 16, 1992. Copies of that speech are available from HIV-Watch, P.O. Box 1835, Soquel, CA, 95073.
10: The Lancet, September 28,1985: F. Barre-Sinoussu et al: pp. 721-722
11: "Stability and Inactivation of HTLV-LAV under Clinical and Laboratory Experiments: L. Resnick, M.D. et al: JAMA, 1986: Vol 225, No 14: April 11, 1986: pp. 1887-1891
12: a) "Survival of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Under Controlled Drying Conditions, III International Conference on AIDS, Washington, D.C. 1987: No.M.P. 229, S.L. Loskoski et al.
b) "AIDS: Rage and Reality", Antonio, G: Anchor Books, Dallas, p.91
13: MMWR, October 7,1988, pp. 597-599
14: Washington Times, January 26,1994, p.A8. Article by Peter Finn.
15: op. cited ref No 11, JAMA: April 11,1986, pp. 1887-1891
16: a) "Inactivation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 At Short Term Intervals Using Undiluted Bleach": Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Raven Press: Paul Shapshak, 6:218-219.
b) California State Department of Public Health publication, California HIV/AIDS Update, Vol 6, #3, Fall issue, 1993; p.102.
c) Quoted in HIV-Watch, Vol II, No 1, P.O. Box 1835, Soquel, CA, 95073.
17: a) "Inactivation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Alcohols", Journal of Hospital Infection, October 1994: 28 (2) pp. 137-148.
b) AIDS Weekly, November 21-28,1994, p. 9
18: The name of the disinfectant, the manufacturer, and their scientific studies will be made available on request. Contact HIV-Watch, P.O. Box 1835, Soquel, CA, 95073.
19: HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report from the CDC, June 1994, pp. 8,10,22,23.
20: AIDS Alert, November 1994, p.154.
21: op. cited. Copies of Dr. Haseltine's speech to the French Academy of Sciences are available on request from HIV-Watch, P.O. Box 1835, Soquel, CA, 95073.
22: AIDS Weekly, October 24,1994, p.8, quoting Dr. Kenneth Castro of the CDC in Atlanta, GA.
23: AIDS Weekly, October 19,1992, quoting Dr. Ban Missy of Vanderbilt University, abstract for the 32nd Annual International Science Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 1992.
24: New York Times, October 21,1993, p. A10.
25: AIDS Weekly, November 14,1994, p. 25.
26: New York Times, June 14,1994, p. B5. Gina Kolata, M.D.
27: "Ammunition Against Killer Disease", Washington Times, January 25,1995, p. A1.
28: MMWR: May 13,1994, Vol 3, #18, p. 325. "Decreased Susceptibility of Neisseria Gonorrhea to Fluoroquinilones - Ohio and Hawaii, 1992-1994"
29: Wall Street Journal, September 14,1993, p.1. The story of another new cholera outbreak in India.
30: Time magazine, September 12,1994, pp. 62-69, "Revenge of The Killer Microbes."
31: "Hospitals Track Fatal Bacteria", AIDS Weekly, October 13,1994, p. 10.
32: AIDS Weekly, July 4,1994, p. 19.
33: HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, June 1994, op. cited, p. 20.
34: HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, June 1994, p.11.
35: "Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission in Household Settings - United States": MMWR: Vol 43, No.19, pp. 347-356.
36: "Apparent Transmission of Human T Lymphotrophic Virus Type III/Lymphadenopathy-Associated Virus From a Child To a Mother During Home Care": MMWR 1986: 35: pp. 76-79.
37: "Russian Doctor's Reuse of Syringes Linked to HIV In 260 Children": AIDS Weekly: July 5,1993. Reporting on a paper presented at the IX International AIDS Conference in Berlin, Germany, June 6-11,1993.
38: New York Times, August 19,1994, p. A17.
39: "HIV Recovery From Saliva Before and After Dental Treatment": Barbara Moore Phd. et al., Journal of the American Dental Association, Vol 124, October 1993, pp. 67-73.
40: Science, February 5,1988, Vol 239, p. 635, James Curran et al.
41: "Oral Bacteria Stimulation of Production of HIV": D Ajdukovic et al: III International AIDS Conference, Washington, D.C. : 1987, M.P. 102. Also, op. cited AIDS: Rage and Reality, p.82.
42: a) "Origin, Role and Infectivity of Salivary HIV", D.D. Pekovic et al, IV International Conference on AIDS, Stockholm, 1988, Vol 2, No 1602.
b) Letter to the Editor published in The American Journal of Medicine: January 1987: Vol 82, p. 186, entitled, "Detection of Human Immunosuppressive Virus In Salivary Lymphocytes from Dental Patients", by Pekovic et al.
c) AIDS: Rage and Reality, p. 84.
43: "Horizontal Transmission of HIV Infection Between Two Siblings": The Lancet: September 20,1986, p. 694.
44: "Horizontal Transmission by Oral Sex", W. Rozenbaum et al: The Lancet: June 18,1988, p. 1395.
45: "Passionate Kissing and Microlesions of the Oral Mucosa: Possible Role in AIDS Transmission", Marcello Piazza, M.D. et al: Journal of the American Medical Association: Vol 261, No 2, January 13,1989, pp. 244-245; Letter to the Editor.
46: "Transmission of HIV Infection From a Woman to a Man by Oral Sex": New England Journal of Medicine : Peter Spitzer, M.D. et al, 1989. Vol 320, No 4, p. 251.
47: The Washington Post, November 26,1994, p. A16. Also quoted in the CDC AIDS Daily Summary, December 1,1994.
48: "Are There New Ways the AIDS Virus May be Transmitted?" Available from John Ankerberg Ministry. TEL: (615) 892-7722.
49: "Update: Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infections in Health Care Workers Exposed to Blood of Infected Patients": MMWR: May 22,1987, Vol 36, No 19, pp. 285-286.
50: a) "Langherhans Cells as Primary Cells for HIV Infection", L.R. Braathen,: The Lancet: November 7,1987, p. 1094.
b) "Clue to Heterosexual AIDS Announced by Scientist" Desert Sun newspaper, June 18,1991; Presentation by Professor William Haseltine.
c) "Mucosal Transmission of AIDS", Nature magazine, Vol 353, October 24,1991, describing Langerhans cells as "the most readily infectable cells."
d) The Lancet, July 18,1987, letter by L.A. Kay, p. 166.
51: a) The Lancet, May 5,1990, 335, p. 1105
b) Santa Cruz Sentinel, article by Karen Miller of the Cox News Service, November 5,1992, p. B7.
52: "HIV Infection Following Motor Vehicle Trauma in Central Africa": JAMA: June 9,1989, Vol 261, No 22, p. 3282.
53: "Nurse Fights for Life and Job", by Beverly Ford: Boston Herald, Monday, August 19,1991, p.5.
54: The Associated Press, April 17,1993. Quoted from the same date in the Santa Cruz Sentinel, p. B1.
55: "Surgeon General's Report to the American Public on HIV Infection and AIDS" 1993: p.8. This report is available free of charge from the CDC on request. Call (800) 458-5231.
56: "Global Program on AIDS: Consensus Statement From Consultation on AIDS in Sports", Geneva, January 16,1989. WHO/GPA/89.2
57: "Researchers Blame Magic's Retirement on Fear, Ignorance": Associated Press story: Lee Siegel, November 3,1992. Quoted in The Santa Cruz Sentinel, p.1.
58: "Do Alternate Modes for Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Exist?" Alan Lifson, M.D.,Phd: JAMA: March 4,1988, Vol 259, No 9, pp. 1353-1356.
59: HIV-Watch has reprinted the government document, "Do Insects Transmit AIDS?" It is available from HIV-Watch, P.O. Box 1835, Soquel, CA, 95073
60: a) San Francisco Chronicle: September 7,1987, p.2.
b) "AIDS:The Unnecessary Epidemic" : Covenant House: op. cited, p. 214.
61: a) Wall Street Journal, October 9, 1987, p. 5
b) "AIDS:The Unnecessary Epidemic: op. cited, p 235
62: "AIDS:The Unnecessary Epidemic", op. cited, p. 339
63: Personal communication with Dr. Lorraine Day.
64: "Update: Barrier Protection Against HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases": MMWR: August 6,1993, Vol 442, No 30, pp. 589-591.
65: "Effectiveness of Latex Condoms as a Barrier to Human Immunodeficiency Virus- Sized Particles Under Conditions of Simulated Use", Ronald F. Carey, Phd. et al: Sexually Transmitted Disease: 1992: 19: pp. 230-234.
66: "A Meta-Analysis of Condom Effectiveness in Reducing Sexually Transmitted HIV.", Susan C. Weller Phd.: Social Science Medicine: Vol 36, No 12, 1993, pp. 1635- 1644.
67: "Family Planning, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Contraceptive Choice: Literature Update - Part I", Willard Cates, Jr. et al: Family Planning Perspectives: Vol 24, No 2, March/April 1992.
68: "Man to Woman Sexual Transmission of HIV: Longitudinal Study of 343 Steady Partners of HIV-Infected Men", Dr. Alberto Saracco et al: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: 6: Raven Press, 1993, pp. 497-502.
69: a) "Caught!", Michael Ebert, Glen Stanton: Citizen Magazine: Vol 8, No 4, April 1994.
69: b) Radio interview Mr. John Harris (an associate of Josh McDowell and his ministry). Harris describes his personal conversation with Dr. de Vincenzi. Available from Radio Liberty, P.O. Box 1835, Soquel, CA 95073.
70: "A Longitudinal Study of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission by Heterosexual Partners", Isabelle de Vincenzi M.D. et al: New England Journal of Medicine: Vol 331, No 6, August 11,1994, pp. 341-346. The editorial comment will be found on pp. 391-392.
71: "HIV Infection in Homosexual and Bisexual Men 18-29 Years of Age": The San Francisco Young Men's Health Study: D.H. Osmond et al: American Journal of Public Health: December 1994: 84 (12) pp. 1993-1937.
72: "As Adolescent Males Age, Risky Behavior Rises, But Condom Use Decreases." : Family Planning Perspectives: January/February 1994, pp. 45-46.
73: "Research Reveals Condom Conundrum": The Journal of NIH Research: Vol 5, January 1993, pp. 32-33.
74: "Report Finds 1 in 5 Infected by Virus Spread Sexually", Barringer: New York Times: April 1,1993, p. A1.
75: "Genital Human Papilloma Virus Infection in Female University Students as Determined by PCR-Based Method": Bauer et al: Journal of The American Medical Association: Vol 265, No 4, January 23,1991.
76: "Report Finds 1 in 5 Infected", op. cited, Barringer, New York Times, April 1,1992, p. A1.
77: a) "Effect of Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease on Fertility", L. Westrom: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology: 1975, Vol 121, pp.707-713.
b) MMWR: Vol 41, No 32, August 14,1992, p. 591.
78: "Report Finds 1 in 5 Infected".. op. cited, New York Times.
79: "Limiting Sex Partners Ineffective Against Chlamydia": Associated Press: Santa Cruz Sentinel: October 5,1992, p. A6.
80: "Sexual Behavior of Women With Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) of the Uterine Cervix", K. Syrajanen: British Journal of Venereal Disease, 1984, Vol 60, p. 243.
81: "Contraceptive Failure in the United States: Revised Estimates from the 1982 National Survey of Family Growth", Elsie F. Jones et al.: Family Planning Perspectives: Vol 21, No 3, May/June 1989, p. 103.
82: "Contraceptive Failure Rate in the United States: Estimated from the 1982 National Survey of Family Growth", Mark D. Hayward et al,: Family Planning Perspectives: Vol 18, No 5, September/October 1986, p. 204.
83: "Efficacy of Nonoxynol-9 Contraceptive Sponge Use in Preventing Heterosexual Acquisition of HIV in Nairobi Prostitutes", Joan Kreiss M.D. et al: JAMA: July 22/29. Vol 268, No 4, p. 477.
84: Surgeon General Novello's "Surgeon General's Report To The American Public on HIV Infection and AIDS." p. 15.
85: MMWR: February 3,1995, Vol 44, No 4, p. 64-66 - gives the figure for AIDS cases as of December 1994 as 441,528.